Ceramic production PAGE PAGE PAGE
Jug produced by the workshop
in the Rue des Lombards.
Commission du Vieux Paris.
Photo: M. Paturange / CVP

Ointment flask of Italic origin
that has survived intact.
Musée Carnavalet, Paris.
Photo: J.-L. Godard / CVP.

252koArretine ware from central
Gaul. 2nd century CE.
Musée Carnavalet, Paris.
Photo: J.-L. Godard / CVP

  History of ceramic

At the beginning of the Gallo-Roman period during the reign of Augustus, indigenous pottery was produced locally. It was the continuation of Gallic wares known as dark common ware. The first imports of ceramics from Italy began at this time; they included fineware, utilitarian pieces, Arretine ware and wine amphorae. Later, during the whole of the first century CE, the Gallic provinces supplied the Parisian market with fine ceramic tableware. By the mid-2nd century, local workshops had taken back the ceramic monopoly and the city was autonomous in the production of tableware.

Two types of production for
two types of trade

Because of space requirements and their need for wood, workshops were relegated to the edges of the city. In this way, these early "industrial zones" did not disturb the city's inhabitants and they were near the biggest roads, which helped to bring them both raw materials and trade. Two types of workshops have been discovered: on the left bank, those located along the cardo supplied goods for the local market and the surrounding countryside. On the right bank, a workshop located near the Seine (in the Rue des Lombards) specialized in the production of amphorae-clearly focused on exports and the transportation of wine via the river.