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A Gallic auxiliary of the Roman army
 
Restitution par M. Poux et V. Cheval.
Reconstruction of the « Man of the Senate » found at the bottom of a
well in an annex of the French Senate.
It may have been a Gallic auxiliary
cavalryman in the service of Rome.
Restitution par M. Poux et
V. Cheval.

Belt buckle of« the Man of the Senate ».
Palais du Luxembourg.


M. Paturange / CVP.
Overview of the objects and some of the amphorae. M. Paturange / CVP.
  The 1974 discovery, in an annex of the Senate, of a human skeleton in a well accompanied by numerous objects was the most important evidence of the presence of human habitation between the end of Gallic independence and the foundation of the Roman city. Located in a peripheral district of the Roman town, this well was dug and filled in prior to Roman urbanisation.

A variety of objects
The skeleton of a 35 year-old man was accompanied by objects that allow us to date and identify him with precision. He was dressed in a garment held together by two Gallic fibulae made of iron, and wore a belt whose buckle, of Roman origin, was found. He was equipped with a Gallic sword sheath and a whetstone; a nail found nearby may have come from a Roman military sandal. The remaining objects include a number of fragments of Italian wine amphorae, a few pieces of local pottery, a Gallic coin with the inscription VENEXTOS and many animal bones.
This grave, which dates to between 60 and 30 BCE, may be that of an auxiliary cavalryman from the Gallic aristocracy in the service of the Roman army at the end of the Republic. This would explain the combination of elements of both Gallic and Roman military equipment. The shape of the grave-a well in which the deceased was placed or dropped along with weapons and clothing-is surprising; we cannot exclude the theory that this was a human sacrifice or an execution.