in Northern Gaul, of an official Ocatavian coin minted in Campania in 38 BCE with the inscription DIVOS IVLIUS (Divine Julius).
CVP. Musée Carnavalet, Paris.
Bronze Gallic coin
attributed to the Parisii
, bearing the inscription ECCAIOS (perhaps a local chief ?).
Second half of the 1st century BCE.
Musée Carnavalet, Paris.
There is some uncertainty about the type and date of the first Roman settlements in Lutetia after the conquest and destruction of the Parisii oppidum.
« Early » objects
The excavation of archaeological material on the Sainte-Geneviève hill from the second half of the 1st century CE (Gallic and late Republican Roman coins, and imported Italian ceramics) could be evidence that the site was reoccupied fairly quickly after the conquest.
Military origins ?
In addition, the discovery of several metallic fragments, possibly from Roman military equipment, and the remains of cooking practices-indicators of a certain degree of Romanisation-could lead one to think that the site was initially occupied by auxiliary troops of the Roman army. The reason for this military occupation would have been to keep control of the Seine and to keep an eye on a tribe that was capable of disrupting this strategic junction.
Given this hypothesis, the discovery of a man's grave containing a Gallic sword and fragments of Italian wine amphorae has even greater meaning.
Occupations that are difficult
Structures prior to the augustan urban construction program are not well known, as the terrain was covered over with landfill prior to construction. Starting in 30-25 BCE, the existence of an initial town plan has been uncovered-a few, faint traces of ditches, post-holes and sill plates.
An urbanisation plan and the division of the land into parcels were only undertaken at the very beginning of the 1st century CE, as shown by ditches found in various places. The boundaries of land parcels and the orientation of roads laid out when the city was founded were often preserved throughout Antiquity.